In de Verenigde Staten is het aantal comazuipers in 6 jaar tijd met bijna 1% afgenomen, maar ze drinken wel 12% méér. Dat zegt een recente studie van de Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Het vooraanstaande medische tijdschrift The Lancet besteedt er aandacht aan. ‘Binge’-drinkers worden gedefinieerd als mannen die in twee uur tijd of minder vijf glazen alcoholische drank innemen. Voor vrouwen is dat één glas minder. Times meldt:
‘American adults who binge drink are consuming an increasing number of alcoholic beverages per year when they binge, a new study from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says.
The study, an analysis of data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System from 2011 to 2017, found that while overall rates of binge drinking decreased slightly, going from 18.9% to 18.0%, the average number of binge drinks consumed by adults who report binge drinking rose from 472 to 529, a 12% increase.
The CDC defines “binge drinking” as consuming five or more drinks in two hours or less for men, and four or more drinks in the same span of time for women. According to the study, men who binge drink consumed an average of 666 drinks while binging in 2017, compared to 587 in 2011. For women, that number rose from 256 to 290 in the same amount of time.
These increases were largely driven by adults 35 and older. Self-reported binge drinkers between ages 35 and 44 consumed 593 binge drinks per person in 2017, an increase from 468 in 2011. For adults between ages 45 and 64, that number grew to 527 in 2017, from 428 in 2011. In comparison, the number of binge drinks consumed by 18-to-24-year-olds who report binging fell from 619 in 2011 to 545 in 2017.
Health risks associated with binge drinking include unintentional injuries, violence, alcohol dependence, memory problems, various cancers and chronic diseases, such as high blood pressure and stroke, according to the CDC.’