Twee of drie glazen wijn per dag? Bij al die tussendoortjes die je overdag al naar binnen werkt? Dat kan verkeerd uitpakken voor je gewicht. In een glas wijn kunnen 110 tot 300 calorieën zitten. En denk maar niet dat zoet altijd meer aanzet dan droog. Wat de effecten zijn heeft ook met het alcoholgehalte van de wijn te maken. Hier een compact overzicht van de ‘toevoegende’ waarde van een reeks wijnen:
Depending on the wine, one glass of wine can range between 110 – 300 calories. The range has to do with alcohol content, inherent sweetness of the wine and serving size. The following information will give you some familiar examples of wines and how many calories they have by the glass.
The highest calorie wines tend have the highest alcohol content. Alcohol has 7 calories per gram versus carbohydrates (sugar) which have 4 calories per gram. This means some sweet wines have less calories than some dry wines! Dry wines are commonly considered to range from around 11% alcohol to around 14%. However, a quick check of alcohol percentages of wines at the grocery store shows that many dry wines often exceed 15%. A standard 6 oz glass of dry wine with 15% alcohol has 175 calories.
Warm regions make higher alcohol wine!
Wines with typically higher alcohol content come from warmer growing regions where higher sugar content in grapes converts to higher alcohol content in wine. Dry wines with typically higher alcohol percentages are Zinfandel, Amarone, Shiraz and Grenache-Syrah-Mouvedre (GSM).
Super high alcohol sweet wines wines like Port, Tawny Port & Banyuls are a double whammy of sugar carb calories plus alcohol calories. To make Port wine, neutral grape spirits are added in order to inoculate (kill) the yeasts and leave sweetness in the wine. Port has 20% ABV and around 100 g/L of residual sugar. A standard 2oz glass of port has 103 calories
Champagnes and sparkling wines have added sugar and alcohol. The added amount is called “le dosage” and it’s added during the champagne making process. The dosage can range from nothing (aka “Brut Nature” or “Brut Zero”) to sweet (aka “Doux”) with up to 50 g/L of sugar. The laws on the Champagne region require the wines to be no more than 12.5% alcohol, however non-Champagne bubbly ranges from very light at around 9% alcohol to high at 15%. For a standard 5 oz pour, Champagne ranges from 124 calories (Brut Zero) to 175 calories (Doux)
Wine Calories from Least to Most (6 oz pours)
German Spatlese Riesling (Dr. Hermann “H” 2009) — 110 calories, bottle 495 calories
Slightly Sweet Lambrusco (Lini 910) — 140 calories, bottle 630 calories
Cabernet Sauvignon from France — 160 calories, bottle 720 calories
German Auclese Riesling — 160 calories, bottle 720 calories
Cabernet Sauvignon from California — 175 calories, bottle 788 calories
California 16% Zinfandel (Bob Biale) — 190 calories, bottle 855 calories
Australian Shiraz (Mollydooker The Boxer) — 190 calories, bottle 855 calories
Chateau Y’quem — 270 calories, bottle 1215 calories (this isn’t really fair, because the serving size should only be 2oz which is 90 calories)
Ruby Port — 310 calories, bottle 1395 calories (not fair, should only be 2oz which is 103 calories)
Tawny Port — 320 calories, bottle 1440 calories (again not fair, should only be 2oz which is 106 calories)
Calories in Wine Come From Carbs and Alcohol
Wine is made of mostly water, alcohol, carbohydrates and trace minerals(1). The carbohydrates come from residual sugar left in wine. Dry wines have less than 3 grams/Liter and sweet wines typically range from 20-150 g/L (some can have up to 300 g/L!). A late harvest dessert wine may have about 150 g/L of sugar compared to Coca-Cola at 111 g/L and Maple Syrup at 700 g/L(2). To determine the total calories in a wine add the calories of alcohol with the calories of carbs.
Sweet wines like riesling and lambrusco amabile actually have less calories per glass than most cabernet sauvignon. However you may be enticed to drink more because they are also lighter in alcohol!
Even though a late harvest dessert wine like Chateau Y’quem has much more residual sugar than a can of Coca-Cola, you’re not likely to drink as much because the serving size is about six times less.
(Bron: Wine Folly)